Research on Flow

by Sue Jackson, PhD

Sue has published extensively on flow in sport and other performance settings. The following Reference List includes books, research publications, and applied articles on flow authored by Sue.

Books

JACKSON, S.A., & Csikszentmihalyi, M.C. (1999). Flow in Sports: The Keys to Optimal Experiences and Performances. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

JACKSON, S.A., & Eklund, R.C. (2004). The Flow Scales Manual. Morgantown, WV: Fitness Information Technology.

JACKSON, S.A., Eklund, R.C., & Martin A.J. (2010). The FLOW Manual. Mind Garden Inc. www.mindgarden.com

Research Publications in Refereed Journals

JACKSON, S.A., & Roberts, G.C. (1992). Positive performance states of athletes: Toward a conceptual understanding of peak performance. The Sport Psychologist, 6 (2), 156-171.

JACKSON, S.A. (1992). Athletes in flow: A qualitative investigation of flow states in elite figure skaters. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 4 (2), 161-180.

Gould, D., Eklund, R.C., & JACKSON, S.A. (1992a). 1988 USA Olympic wrestling excellence I: Mental preparation, pre-competitive cognition, and affect. The Sport Psychologist, 6, (4), 358-382.

Gould, D., Eklund, R.C., & JACKSON, S.A. (1992b). 1988 USA Olympic wrestling excellence II: Competitive cognition and affect. The Sport Psychologist, 6 (4), 383-402.

Gould, D., Eklund, R.C., & JACKSON, S.A. (1993a). 1988 USA Olympic Wrestling Excellence: Coping strategies used by U.S. Olympic Wrestlers. Research Quarterly, 64 (1), 83-93.

Eklund, R.C., Gould, D., & JACKSON, S.A. (1993). Psychological foundations of Olympic wrestling excellence: Reconciling individual differences and nomothetic characterization. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 5 (1), 35-47.

Gould, D., JACKSON, S.A., & Finch, L.M. (1993). Life at the top: The experiences of U.S. national champion figure skaters. The Sport Psychologist, 7 (4), 354-374.

Gould, D., JACKSON, S.A., & Finch, L.M. (1993). Sources of stress in national champion figure skaters. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 15 (2), 134-159.

Gould, D., Finch, L.M., & JACKSON, S.A. (1993). Coping strategies utilized by national champion figure skaters. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 64 ( (1), 83-93.

Stein, G.L., Kimiecik, J.C., Daniels, J., & JACKSON, S.A. (1995). Psychological antecedents of flow in recreational sport. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 21 (2), 125-135.

JACKSON, S.A. (1995). Factors influencing the occurrence of flow in elite athletes. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 7 (2), 135-163.

JACKSON, S.A., & Marsh, H.W. (1996). Development and validation of a scale to measure optimal experience: The Flow State Scale. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 18 (1), 17-35.

JACKSON, S.A. (1996). Toward a conceptual understanding of the flow experience in elite athletes. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 67 (1), 76-90.

JACKSON, S.A., Dover, J.D., & Mayocchi, L. (1998). Life after winning gold I: Experiences of Australian Olympic gold-medallists. The Sport Psychologist, 12, 119-136.

JACKSON, S.A., Mayocchi, L., Dover, J.D., (1998). Life after winning gold II: Coping with change as an Olympic gold-medallist. The Sport Psychologist, 12, 137-155.

JACKSON, S.A., Ford, S.K., Kimiecik, J.C., & Marsh, H.W. (1998). Psychological correlates of flow in sport. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 4, 358-378.

Marsh, H.W., & JACKSON, S.A. (1999). Flow Experience in sport: Construct validation of multidimensional, hierarchical state and trait responses. Structural Equation Modelling, 6, 343-371.

JACKSON, S.A., Thomas, P., Marsh, H.W., & Smethurst, C. (2001). Relationships between flow, self-concept, psychological skills, and performance. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 13, 129-153.

JACKSON, S.A., & Eklund, R.C. (2002). Assessing flow in physical activity: The Flow State Scale-2 and Dispositional Flow Scale-2. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 24, 133-150.

Fournier, J., Gaudreau, P., Demontrond-Behr, P., Visioli, J., Forrest, J., & JACKSON, S.A. (2007). French translation of the Flow State Scale-2: Factor structure, cross-cultural invariance, and associations with goal attainment. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 8, 897-916.

Stavrou, N.A., JACKSON, S.A., Zervas, Y., & Karteroliotis, K. (2007). Flow experience and athletes’ performance with reference to the orthogonal model of flow. The Sport Psychologist. 21, 438-457.

Kawabata, M., Mallett, C., & JACKSON, S.A. (2007). The Flow State Scale-2 and Dispositional Flow Scale-2; Examination of factorial validity and reliability for Japanese adults. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 9, 465-485.

Lonsdale, C., Hodge, K., & JACKSON, S.A. (2007). Athlete engagement: II. Development and initial validation of the Athlete Engagement Questionnaire. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 38, 471-492.

JACKSON, S.A., Martin, A.J., & Eklund, R.C. (2008). Long and Short Measures of Flow: Examining Construct Validity of the FSS-2, DFS-2 and New Brief Counterparts. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 30, 561-587.

Martin, A.J., & JACKSON, S.A. (2008). Brief Approaches to Assessing Task Absorption and Enhanced Subjective Experience: Examining ‘Short’ and ‘Core’ Flow in Diverse Performance Domains. Motivation and Emotion, 32, 141-157.

Hodge, K., Lonsdale, C., & JACKSON, S.A. (2009). Athlete engagement in elite sport: An exploratory study of antecedents and consequences. The Sport Psychologist, 23, 186-202.

Parker, P.D., Martin, A.J., Martinez, C., Marsh, H.W., & JACKSON, S.A. (2010). Stages of change in physical activity: A validation study of late adolescents. Health Education and Behavior, 37, 318-219.

Marsh, H.W., Martin, A.J., & JACKSON, S.A. (2010). Introducing a short version of the Physical Self Description Questionnaire: New strategies, short-form evaluative criteria, and applications of factor analyses. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 32, 438-482.

Book Chapters & Proceedings

JACKSON, S.A. (2000). Joy, fun, and flow state in sport. In Y. Hanin (Ed.), Emotions in sport (pp. 135-156). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

JACKSON, S.A. (2000). The Dispositional Flow Scale-2. In J.Maltby, C.A. Lewis, & A.P. Hill (Eds.), Commissioned Reviews of 250 Psychological Tests (pp. 50-52). Lampter, Wales: Edwin Mellen.

JACKSON, S.A. (2000). The Flow State Scale-2. In J.Maltby, C.A. Lewis, & A.P. Hill (Eds.), Commissioned Reviews of 250 Psychological Tests (pp. 61-63). Lampter, Wales: Edwin Mellen.

Kimiecik, J.C., & JACKSON, S.A. (2002). Optimal experience in sport: A flow perspective. In T.S. Horn (Ed.), Advances in Sport Psychology (2nd Ed.). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

JACKSON, S.A., & Wrigley, W. (2004). Optimal experience in sport: Current issues and future directions. In Morris, T., & Summers, J. (Eds.). Sport psychology: Theories, applications, and issues (2nd ed)(pp.423-451). Milton, QLD: Jacaranda Press.

JACKSON, S.A., & Eklund, R.C. (2004). La Flow State Scale-2 e la Dispositional Flow Scale-2. In M. Muzio (Ed.). Sport: Flow E Prestazione Eccellente. Milano: FrancoAngeli.

Kawabata, M., JACKSON, S.A., & Mallet C. (2005). Development and preliminary validation of the Japanese versions of the Flow State Scale-2 and Dispositional Flow Scale-2. In Proceedings of the ISSP 11th World Congress of Sport Psychology [CD]. Sydney: International Society of Sport Psychology (ISSP).

JACKSON, S.A. (2008). Flow. Invited contribution to the International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences (W. A. Darity, Ed.), (Vol. 1, 2nd ed.). Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA.

JACKSON, S.A., & Kimiecik, J.C. (2008). The flow perspective of optimal experience in sport and physical activity. In T.S. Horn (Ed.), Advances in sport and exercise psychology (3rd ed) (pp.377-399). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

JACKSON, S.A. (2011). Flow. In T. Morris and P. Terry (Eds.), The New Sport and Exercise Psychology Companion. West Virginia: International Centre for Performance Excellence. (pp.327-357).

JACKSON, S.A. & Eklund, R.C. (2012). Flow. In G. Tenenbaum, R. Eklund, & A. Kamata (Eds.), Measurement in Sport and Exercise Psychology. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics (pp. 349-357).

Applied Publications

Gould, D., Eklund, R.C., & JACKSON, S.A. (1991). Olympians need individualised coaching. Olympic Coach, 1 (2), 3-4.

JACKSON, S.A. (1993). Understanding flow states and factors influencing the occurrence of flow in elite athletes. AAASP Newsletter, 8 (2), 25-27.

JACKSON, S.A. (1993). Breaking the barriers: Women and Exercise. Sportsmed News, August; Australian Sports Medicine Federation Queensland Branch.

JACKSON, S.A. (1994). The winning formula. Inspiration, 22 (Sept.), 18.

JACKSON, S.A. (1996). Success after success: The Olympic Champion’s new challenge. Sport Health, 14 (3), 34-35.

JACKSON, S.A. (1999). The flow experience in sport and physical activity. ESP News, Psychological Association Division 47 Newsletter, 13, 12-13.

Penman, S., Cohen, M., Stevens, P., & JACKSON, S. (2006). Australians self-prescribe yoga for mental health. Journal Australian Integrative Medicine Association (JAIMA), 11, 10-11.

JACKSON, S.A. & Penman, S. (2008). OZ Yoga Survey results show yoga can change your life. Australian Yoga Life, 20, 47-51.

JACKSON, S.A. (2010). Stillness and Flow. Australian Yoga Life, March 2010.

JACKSON, S.A. (2012). Flow: The mindful edge in sport and the performing arts. InPsych, December, 2012.

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